Female anatomy refers to the internal and external structures of the reproductive and urinary systems. Reproductive anatomy helps to obtain sexual pleasurepregnantand breastfeed a baby. The urinary system helps remove toxins from the body through urination (craving).
The female reproductive system
Some people are born with internal or external structures that are ambiguous or characteristic of the male and female anatomy. The following female anatomy chart is a reference based on a typical position.
The word "female" is used here to refer to people who identify as female and have reproductive organs typical of a cisgender woman. We recognize that some people who identify as female do not have the same anatomy as presented in this article.
Female Anatomy Diagram: Quick Guide
female genital anatomy
The female genitalia are made up of organs that are located both inside and outside the body. This section describes the internal and external structures.
The external female anatomy
DieVulvaconsists of the external structures outside of the vaginal opening, including:
- my pubes: The mons pubis is the rounded, fleshy area in front of the pelvic bone (lower abdomen) where pubic hair normally grows.
- lips: The labia majora are the outer fleshy folds of protective skin that lie on either side of the vaginal opening. They cover and protect the other, more sensitive external genitalia, which are described below.
Labia: The Latin word for lips.
"Labia" means lips in Latin, and the labia majora are often referred to as the outer lips.
- smaller lips: The labia minora are skin folds located inside the labia majora. In some women, the labia minora extend beyond the labia majora.
- Clitoris: To dieClitorisit sits at the apex of the vulva, above the opening of the urethra. A fold of skin called the clitoral hood covers most of the clitoris, leaving only the tip or nub visible. The rest of the clitoris is a spongy rod that extends several inches into the body.
- opening of the urethra: To dieurethraIt is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. Its opening is below the clitoris, just above the vaginal opening.
- the vaginal opening: The vaginal opening is located between the urethra and the anus.
- Bartholin's glands:BartolinoThe glands are on either side of the vaginal opening. They release part of the secretions that lubricate the vagina to increase comfort during intercourse.
- Drusen dinner: To dieDrusen dinnerthey are located on either side of the urethra and lubricate the opening of the urethra. Skene's glands are sometimes referred to as the female prostate. While scientists debate whether female ejaculation exists, some believe that these glands are its source during sexual arousal.
Functions of the vaginal opening
It is the opening where:
- Menstrual blood leaves the body.
- A baby leaves the body during vaginal delivery.
- Sexual intercourse occurs for procreation and/or pleasure
internal female anatomy
The internal female genitalia include the structures within the vaginal opening. These include:
- Vagina: To dieVaginaIt is a muscular canal that connects the cervix and uterus and leads to the outside of the body. Parts of the vagina are rich in collagen and elastin, giving it the ability to expand during sexual stimulation and childbirth.
- cervix: To diecervixit is the lower part of the uterus that separates the lower part of the uterus and the vagina and may play a role in lubrication. During labor, it expands to allow the baby to exit the uterus, enter the vagina, and exit the body.
Cervix: pleasure or pain?
Although direct contact with the cervix during sexual intercourse is rare, some women claim that it helps with sexual pleasure. Others say it causes discomfort.
- uterus: To dieuteruslocated in the lower part of the pelvis (abdominal area between the hips), through the vagina just behind the cervix. Often referred to as the uterus, it is where a baby lives during pregnancy. Interestingly, it has three layers of muscle and is one of the strongest muscles in the body.
- ovaries: To dieovariesThey are small organs located on both sides of the pelvis. They play a crucial role in the production of female hormones and produce eggs during ovulation.
- Fallopian tube: The fallopian tubes connect the ovaries to the uterus on each side. The ciliary hairs, hair-like structures, guide the ovum in the correct direction from the ovary to the uterus.
- Hymen: To dieHymenit is a thin tissue found at the vaginal opening and has no known biological function. It becomes more elastic with age and can break or tear at some point in a woman's life. Although sexual activity is one way to break the hymen, a broken hymen is not evidence of sexual activity.
female breast anatomy
The chest contains various structures, including:
- adipose tissue: Each breast containsfetishor adipose tissue, which is used to store excess energy.
- aba: Within the fatty tissue are 15 to 20 sections called lobules that are connected to ducts that can produce milk.
- milk ducts: The milk ducts lead to the areola and nipple, which are the outer part of the breast.
- areola and nipples: The areola is the darker area on the outside of the breast around the central nipple.
Function of the female body parts.
estrogen youprogesteroneare the main female hormones produced by the reproductive system. Hormone production increases during puberty to stimulate ovulation, giving a woman the opportunity to have a child. Female hormones also promote vaginal lubrication and increase sexual desire.
The female anatomy is designed for both intimacy and the conception of a baby. Structures such as the vulva, vagina, and breasts are sensitive to touch and stimulate arousal. The clitoris contains sensitive nerve endings and its sole purpose is sexual pleasure.
Sexual intimacy leading to intercourse is often the first step in becoming pregnant. However, some do it throughin vitro fertilization(IVF) or intrauterine insemination (IUI).
conception and pregnancy
DuringOvulation, an ovary releases an egg that travels down the fallopian tubes to the uterus. During penile-vaginal intercourse, semen is released into the vagina. The sperm from the semen swims to the egg to connect with it in the uterus or fallopian tubes.
conception, or fertilization, occurs when sperm and egg combine, creating a zygote that becomes an embryo. Fertilization can occur hours or days after intercourse.
If the egg is not fertilized and the woman does not become pregnant, the lining of the uterus breaks down, causing a menstrual cycle, or menstruation. Most women have cycles every 28-31 days. However, it depends on when they ovulate.
The female anatomy is complicated, and its structures have many functions, including urination, sexual arousal, and the conception of a baby.
The vulva, the external structures outside the vaginal opening, includes:
- my pubes
- vaginal opening
- Bartholin's glands
- Drusen dinner
The internal female anatomy includes the following:
- Fallopian tube
The breasts are part of the female anatomy and play a unique role in sexual stimulation and care of the baby.
A word from Verywell
The female anatomy can seem very complex. Understanding this helps people with this anatomy prepare for changes during puberty, adulthood, pregnancy, and menopause (when a woman has no menstrual cycle for 12 months).
It's important to note that some babies are born with ambiguous structures, meaning they don't resemble typical female or male anatomy. Others are born with internal or external organs or genitalia of both sexes.
If there are no significant effects on the person, they can continue to be their exceptionally perfect self. If it is affecting a person's daily life, mental, emotional or sexual health, your health care team can provide treatment recommendations.
Where does the urine go in the female genitalia?
Urine collects in the bladder, passes through the urethra, and leaves the body through the urethral opening.
How does the female anatomy change during pregnancy?
Women no longer ovulate or have their menstrual cycle during this time.the pregnancy. Sometimes there is a small amount of bleeding that can be mistaken for menstruation. The uterus expands and the cervix thickens. Many notice changes in their breasts, such as tenderness, fullness, or heaviness. The areola and nipples may also change and darken.
Where is a woman's G-spot?
There is much speculation as to whether a woman's erotic G-spot is an actual structure or a sensitive area in the vagina. In most cases, to find it, you or your partner can insert a finger, palm up, a few inches into your vagina. Move your finger in a "come here" motion to see if it's stimulated.
Know more:what is jets
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VonBrandi Jones, MSN-ED RN-BC
Brandi is a registered nurse and owner of Brandi Jones LLC. She specializes in health and wellness writing, including blogging, articles, and education.
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